by MU Instructional Designers
January 26, 2023
30 min read
The SAMR Model was introduced by Ruben R. Puentedura in 2006. According to Common Sense Education, the stages are
- Substitution: Tech acts as a direct tool substitute, with no functional change
- Augmentation: Tech acts as a direct tool substitute, with functional improvement
- Modification: Tech allows for significant task redesign
- Redefinition: Tech allows for the creation of new tasks previously inconceivable.
The video below takes this introduction a step further as Ruben Puentedura explains the levels with a higher ed perspective and some more specific examples. The audio can be a bit difficult to hear at times; if you are having trouble hearing you can try turning on the captions or accessing this version that does not have the background music.
The TPACK Model is a framework introduced by Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler in 2006. To start our study of TPACK, watch the 5 minute video below.
If you prefer text to video, a brief explanation is also available in “TPACK Explained“ from TPACK.org.
TPACK & UDL
Benton-Borghi (2013) articulated the importance of using a UDL-infused TPACK model in her article, “A Universally Designed for Learning (UDL) Infused Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Practitioners’ Model Essential for Teacher Preparation in the 21st Century.” We’ve reviewed the highlights of Benton-Borghi’s work in the short video below:
Like many other models, the Technology Integration Matrix (TIM) was designed for the K12 environment between 2003 and 2006. Despite it’s K12 origin, this framework has relevance in any instructional setting, including higher education. To start our study of this model, watch the first six minutes in the video below from a 2013 ISTE presentation. The presenter’s context is K12, but he explains the basics quite well and highlights the role that this matrix plays in creating more student-centered classrooms and promoting critical thinking.
Next, take a few minutes to explore The Technology Integration Matrix yourself, including looking at examples for specific levels.
For more information on Technology Integration Frameworks, check out our annotated bibliography.